Tort law

A lot of people suffer due to harmful or wrongful acts which are done by others. If someone suffers a physical, legal or economic harm, he/she may be entitled to bring suit, and will be covered under the law of tort. A tort law is a body in court, which deals with cases of civil wrongs such as defamation and different types of transgressions. Personal injury lawyers have keen knowledge and experience when it comes to tort laws. A personal injury lawyer handles all cases that comes under tort law; be it limited to work injuries, defective products or any accident.




The tort law is a combination of law principles and legislative ratification. Tort actions are however, not dependent upon an agreement between the parties. They are brought by private citizens, unlike criminal prosecutions, which are brought by government. There are four objectives which the tort law serves:


It compensates victims for injuries due to inactions of others.


It shifts the cost of injuries to people who have inflicted harsh attitude on them.


The law discourages careless and risky behavior in the future.


It vindicates all those legal rights and interests that have been diminished or compromised.


Types of Law


There are three categories in which tort law is divided to:


International tort - An international tort is defined as a deliberate interference act that is done to harm an individual or create obstacle in legal rights, such as bodily integrity, deception or freedom from confinement. These interests can then be violated using its several subcategories and methods like false imprisonment, assault, lack of privacy and fraud.


Under some situations, the law allows individuals to follow a code of conduct that will harm other individuals. As a result, this harm is outweighed by other interests such as self-preservation or self-defense. Then there is a property tort as well, which involves international interference with property rights of the plaintiff and include methods like trespassing on personal property.


Negligence - Torturous behavior results in injuries and sufferings, which come under negligence. It is a term that is used by law to mark the behavior that can harm and risk a person or his/her property. A person may be considered negligent, when his/her behavior is considered different from normal conduct that is expected. It exists when a duty of care owned by one person is broken. One defense of action that exists is the assumption of risk, which protects the plaintiff by recovering injuries that he/she has got by someone else.


Strict Liability - This type of tort law regulates the activities that are useful and essential, but can give risk to society. Actions like storing dangerous substances and transporting dangerous chemicals may come under this category. People, who are a part of these hazardous activities, can be held legally responsible and they are entitled to provide safety to others. Product liability is a part of strict liability, under which the manufacturer has to guarantee that the goods he/she is selling, are for intended use and will provide no harm to the user.




Tags: under injuries behavior property rights personal people liability person interests